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Substance Abuse DANTES Practice Test
1) What is the term to describe the interaction between two or more drugs where the effects of the drugs combined are greater than the addition of the effects of the drugs taken separately?
2) Which of the following is NOT true of cirrhosis?
A) It is caused when the liver cells die and become scar tissue.
B) Cirrhosis is easily reversible by discontinuing the use of alcohol.
C) Once enough liver cells have died, Cirrhosis is not curable.
D) As liver function decreases due to Cirrhosis, toxins build up in the body.
3) What is the typical alcoholic percentage of table wine?
4) At what rate does the liver metabolize alcohol?
A) .6 oz per hour
B) 6 oz per hour
C) .6 mL per hour
D) 6 mL per hour
5) Which of the following is NOT a symptom of Korsakoff’s syndrome?
A) Anterograde amnesia
B) Retrograde amnesia
C) Short term memory loss
6) Which of the following organs is the one that predominantly metabolizes drugs?
7) Which government organization currently is occupied with enforcing drug related laws?
A) The FDA
B) The DEA
C) The FBI
D) The DFA
8) Drug doses are determined principally by which factor?
D) Degree of need
9) Which of the following biological factors does NOT effect the reaction of an individual to a drug?
10) Which of the following is NOT a direct effect of caffeine?
A) Stimulation of gastric acid
B) Muscle fatigue
D) Stimulation of the heart
DSST Practice Test Answer Key:
- D:) Potentiation. Potentiation is the term used to describe the result of the interaction of two or more drugs where the end effect is greater than the sum of the effects of the drugs taken separately.
- B:) Cirrhosis is easily reversible by discontinuing the use of alcohol. Both fatty liver and alcoholic hepatitis are reversible by abstaining from alcohol, but cirrhosis is not curable.
- C:) 12%. Most table wines contain an alcoholic content of 12%.
- A:) 0.6 oz per hour. This is the amount of alcohol in about one drink.
- C:) Short term memory loss. People with Korsakoff’s syndrome generally retain their short term memory, although they lose other types of memory.
- A:) Liver. The liver is the organ which predominantly detoxifies the body of drugs and other matter. It has high concentrations of enzymes which break down drugs and is one of the first organs to react to drugs that have entered into the digestive organs.
- B:) The DEA. The DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) is the organization that is concerned with drug related issues.
- B:) Weight. Drug doses are determined by weight and the normal unit is drug per kilogram.
- D:) Height. Height does not affect a person’s reaction to a drug, while gender, genetics, and age all influence the drug experience.
- B:) Muscle fatigue. Caffeine effects the stimulation of gastric acid, diuresis, and stimulation of the heart.